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Answers to FAQ's



Answer 21- The minimum eligibility varies with the institutions, generally a degree in any discipline is the minimum qualification for entry.
The main areas in journalism are
Reporting, Correspondent/Specialist Reporting, News/Features Editing, Sub Editing, Feature writing, Columns, leaders, Editorials, Cartoons/Graphics

Career opportunities for journalism are open in:
o Newspapers
o Magazines and periodicals
o News agencies / bureau
o National television and radio
o Regional press bureau of international papers / agencies / networks
o Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
o Related government agencies like Directorate of Advertising and Visual

Publicity, Directorate of Field Publicity.
o Press sections of public and private sector corporations.
o Freelancer/stringer - advisable only after sufficient work experience
has been gained or as part-time work for those with expertise in any








  Answer 22- The best option for you would be to enroll for the Associate ship of the Indian Institute of Architects which is headquartered at Mumbai. The Northern India Chapter is located at 8-B, Shankar Market, New Delhi 110003 (Tel: 3311699). The four-year course (four semesters) can be done through correspondence. There is an exam at the end of semester two and three. You have to submit a thesis and appear for a viva-voce test at the end of the fourth semester. The Associate Membership is considered as equivalent to a B.Arch in India as well as abroad.

Diploma-holders require 1-year of work experience before they can enroll for the course. The other candidates eligible for this course are architectural draughts men, interior designers and assistant architects. While the registration fee is Rs. 400/-, the examination fee is Rs. 3000/-.










  Answer 23- I presume you have done your MBBS.
The National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) offer postgraduate, diploma and doctoral courses in psychiatry. The eligibility for postgraduate and diploma courses is MBBS with 1-year compulsory rotating internship.
However, you need to have done a 3-year MD in Psychiatry to be qualified as a practising Psychiatrist.
For further information, contact:
* NIMHANS, PB No. 2900, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560029










  Answer 24- The Orissa floods and the recent Gujarat earthquake has shown us that however much we may know about the environment, there is still a great deal more to learn about disasters -either natural or manmade. And even more than knowledge, we need clear and practical strategies for managing large-scale disasters -what to, how to chanelise help in the aftermath, how to establish clear links of communication, etc. Teams comprising health and social workers, engineers, administrators, scientists and psychologists need to be directed and coordinated by specially trained disaster management experts. Besides excellent organizational and problem solving skills and domain expertise, the jobs calls for a deep sense of commitment and the ability to work swiftly under pressure.

Several universities, schools of public health and community medicine in the US and Europe have been offering focused programs in disaster response at the postgraduate level.

Although we have 30 different kinds of disasters in India, we still need to get our act together as far as structured training programs are concerned. The few institutes that we have only offer short-term courses. Notable amongst them being the National Center for Disaster Management set up by the Indian Institute of Public Administration and the Centre for Disaster Management set up by Y S Chawan Academy of Development Administration conduct workshops and seminars for civil servants and government officials. NCDM is also the nodal agency for coordinating relief and rehabilitation work during natural calamities.
Similarly, the Disaster Management Institute, Bhopal set up after the gas tragedy conducts awareness programs for NGOs and the public at large.

Some universities have recently taken the initiative to introduce a few courses. For instance, IGNOU and the University of Pune offer 6-month certificate courses. Any one who has completed 10+2 is eligible to enroll. The Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment, New Delhi offers another correspondence program in disaster mitigation in affiliation with the Sikkim Manipal University. Spread over 2 years and 10 papers including a thesis this program is open to graduates in any discipline. The PRT Institute of Postgraduate Environmental Education and Research also offers a similar course in affiliation with the Institute of Open and Distance Education, Barkatullah Vishwadyalaya, Bhopal.

While these courses have started gaining in popularity, career opportunities are still pretty limited. Openings are mainly found in some government and non-government agencies. Large industrial establishments, particularly those in the high-risk fields like chemicals, mining, and petroleum have disaster management cells. The International Red Cross and some UN organizations also empanel trained professionals for working on humanitarian missions to handle major calamities and emergencies.

As the lack of adequate trigger mechanisms or quick response intervention that can be automatically activated in an emergency becomes glaringly evident with each disaster, the need for well-trained disaster management experts will only shoot upwards.








  Answer 25- Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Adyar, Chennai 600020
College of Leather Technology, LB Block, Sector III, Salt Lake City, Kolkata 700091, Footwear Design and Development Institute (FDDI), A 10A, Sector 24, Noida 201301, UP.
Central Footwear Training Institute (CFTI), Agra.
o National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016,
o AVI School of Fashion and Shoe Technology, S.C.O. 493-94, 2nd Floor, Sector 35-C, Chandigarh.
o Central Footwear Training Institute (CFTI) (a GoI Society), 65/1 GST Road, Guindy, Chennai 600032.
o ALT Training College, Kaikondanahalli, Sarjapur Road, Near Bellabdur Gate, Carmelram Post Office, Bangalore 560035.
o Indian Institute of Leather Products (IILP), 102, Mangalapuram, SIDCO Industrial Estate, Ambattur, Chennai 600098.
o Prototype Development and Training Centre (PDTC), National Small Industries Development Organisation, Guindy Industrial Estate, Ekkaduthangal PO, Chennai 600097.
The following institutions offer BTech in Leather Technology:
* Muzaffarpur Institute of Techonology (Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Bihar Univ), Muzaffarpur 842003.
* Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Guindy, Chennai 600025.
* Bharath Institute of Science and Technology (Univ of Madras), 173 Agharam Road, Selaiyur PO, Chennai 600073.
* Priyadarshini Engineering College (Univ of Madras) Anna Salai, Konamedu, Vaniyambadi 635751, Vellore Distt.
* Harcourt Butter Technological Institute (Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj Univ), Kanpur 208002
* Dr BR Ambedkar Regional Engineering College, P.O. REC, Jalandhar 144011







  Answer 26-Eligibility for an airhostess-training programme is plus two/ or a graduate degree with a diploma/degree in Hotel Management or Tourism Management. The aspirant must be eligible to hold an Indian Passport and should be below twenty-five years of age with a minimum height of 157.5 centimeters. The weight should be in proportion to height. Further, one must be unmarried, with normal eyesight of 6/6 uncorrected vision in each eye. Fluency in English, Hindi, and knowledge of an international language is an added advantage.
The applicant should be physically fit with a pleasing personality and clear complexion. After the initial screening of applicants is completed the airline company calls them for a written examination, usually of the objective type (multiple choice). Those who qualify in the written examination have to appear for a group discussion followed by a personal interview of successful candidates. If selected you will be on training for 2 to 3 months in which time you learn about service, grooming, safety and first aid, after which you are initially put on trainee flights.
Personal Attributes: Common sense, sense of responsibility, initiative, friendly outgoing personality, politeness, physical stamina and the capacity to work for long hours on one's feet, ability to react quickly in times of emergency and a presence of mind, systematic approach, unruffled appearance, a well-modulated pleasant voice, and a proportionate figure with a graceful carriage







  Answer 27- You can get admission in any of the top REC's as you have scored over 85.The general Idea is that with the GATE score of 96 or above you can get admission in IIT's, with a 88-95 in top REC's and with 84 and below in some selected colleges respectively. The institute usually advertises in national dailies in between April and July. The written test/interview is then held by the institute in August. Sometimes one has to apply directly to the institute of choice along with the GATE score as some may not advertise in the Paper.











  Answer 28-The top law colleges in India are -:
1. NUSIU, Bangalore
4. FACULTY OF LAW, BHU, Varanasi
10. Dr. Ambedkar College of LAW, Mumbai.









  Answer 29- The top colleges of India in Engineering are as follows - :

1. IIT, Kharagpur
2. IIT, Kanpur
3. BITS, Pilani
4. IIT, Mumbai
5. IIT, Chennai
6. KARNATAKA REC, Surathkal
7. IIT, Roorkee
10. IIT, Delhi









  Answer 30- A Marine Engineering aspirant can do the 4-year Marine Engineering course at the TS Chanakya, Mumbai and Marine Engineering Research Institute (MERI), Calcutta. The first is a navigation discipline course while the second is an engineering course. The eligibility is class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Admission is through the IIT Joint Entrance Examination , the screening test of which is scheduled to be held in January and main examination in May. Application forms can be obtained from Chairman, JEE of any IIT and some designated banks from August to September. Candidates will also have to fill forms for TS Chanakya and MERI, which are available from: Director General of Shipping, Jahaz Bhawan, WH Marg, Ballard Estate, Mumbai - 400 038.

Candidates have to be unmarried Indian citizens (male or female). After clearing the test, there is an interview and a medical test. Normal vision is required but glasses up to '+' or ' -' 2.5 may be allowed. There are some private institutes which offer training for merchant navy as well. These institutes prepare students for jobs such as deck cadets and marine engineering jobs. Look out for notices in the local newspapers for the courses conducted by private institutes.

If you have missed the opportunity to do IIT-JEE, the alternative is to do a training to become a deck cadet from a private institute. Some of these institutes have contacts with shipping companies, which normally recruit deck cadets directly. The limitation is that one may not have as fast a promotion that may be offered to a regular marine engineer or a graduate in nautical science.








  Answer 31- The management quota seats for BDS are 15% and the fee structure varies from college to college. Generally the management quota seats are 4-5 times more costly than the free seats. The fees is also to be paid in dollars(can also be paid in equivalent Indian rupees)and can be paid in installments. For getting admitted to this course there is no entrance examination.  











  Answer 32- As a standard policy, NRI (mgt. Quota seats) students can seek seats under the NRI quota in majority of the good colleges in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra. The fee varies form 20,000-35,000 USD depending upon the college. This includes the total tuition fee payable in the entire course. You may also make payment in equivalent Indian rupees.
The student does not need to take the CET. The only eligibility is that the student should have Physics, Chemistry & Biology along with English as the subject of study and should have obtained 50% in PCB.
The programme is for 5½ years (4½ years study+ 1 year internship). Additional costs will include food & lodging expenses (Approximate- 150-200USD per month









  Answer 33- You need pursue HSC with Physics and Mathematics if you wish to trains for a career as a pilot for flying commercial aircraft. After completing SSC, if you are 16 years old, you could apply for the Student Pilot Licence (SPL). SPL is a prerequisite for obtaining Private Pilot's Licence (PPL) and Commercial Pilot's Licence (CPL). PPL training involves 60 hours of flying time and the passing of examinations by the DGCA (Director General of Civil Aviation). PPl is the basic requirement for those who wish to obtain the CPL. A candidate must be at least 18 years old with the minimum qualification of 10+2 (Physics and Maths) to be apply for the CPL. Training for CPL involves 250 hours of flying. Those with the qualification of CPL can be employed as pilot in government and civil airlines or in private airline companies. For details of these courses, you should contact The Bombay Flying Club at Juhu Aerodrome, Mumbai-400049.  









  Answer 34- As per the directions of Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, 85% of the seats sanctioned for each private colleges are filled by candidates allotted by the Govt. of Uttar Pradesh through Combined Pre-Medical Test (CPMT) held every year. The remaining 15% seats are filled by the college under NRI quota. For each M.B.B.S. seat under NRI quota the fees chargeable is US $ 50,000 for the entire course while, fees for the B.D.S. course is US $30,000. The 85% seats reserved for candidates coming through CPMT Exam are divided into two parts namely free and payment seats. The quota for free seats is 50% of the total sanctioned seats, while that for payment seats is 35%. On direction of Hon'ble Supreme Court, the Govt. of U.P. has fixed the fees chargeable for free seat at Rs.13,000/- per annum for MBBS and Rs.8,000/- per annum for BDS. Similarly for payment seat the fees chargeable is Rs. 1,10,000 for MBBS and Rs.75,000 for BDS. This fees includes all institutional charges such as Tuition fees, Reading, Library, Registration Electricity, Water-tax, but does not include Hostel-fee, Mess-charges and charges for other facilities such as transport and health care. Refundable caution money is also charged separately








  Answer 35- The following courses are available in Hotel Industry :-
o Three Year Diploma in Hospitality Management
o One Year Certificate Program in Hotel Management
o Short Term Programs
You should have successfully finished 10 plus two examination with a minimum of fifty percent marks
Entrance Exam
The prospective student should clear a written test followed by an interview by the Admissions Counsellor









  Answer 36- As you are appearing for ICWAI exams try to complete it successfully. Then you may practice as a cost & work accountant or be a consultant in financial matters. It has a bright future in teaching cost accountancy in universities and institutes. You are doing computer programming too, well. There are many options open for you in the computer programming.
And last but not the least, it is understood that it is very difficult to choose only one field from all the above. An aptitude test can help you to realize your plus points or alternatively, choose a course and career that you would be most suited for.










  Answer 37- If you want to get admission in an architectural college you must complete your HSC. It is not compulsory to appear for the intermediate drawing exam for getting into this line, but it helps to have proven drawing skills. But you must have studied drawing up to Class IX, the standard prescribed for the Intermediate Examination in Drawing of the Government of Maharashtra. However, the true deciding factor would be your standing in the entrance test conducted by the college or university that you have applied to. It is true that HSC marks are taken into consideration and a First Class is preferable, with PCM till HSC. No, you cannot apply directly for the entrance exam, you have to appear for the HSC exam.  










  Answer 38- There is an tremendous scope in the Computer field at the moment and a vast number of courses available. Many computer institutes offer short term courses in E-Commerce, DTP animation and multimedia, Internet, programming and so on.  












  Answer 39- The main Institutes in India are as follows :-

o Academy Of Interior Designing, Jaipur
o School of Architecture, CEPT, Ahmedabad.
o Sir J.J. College of Architecture, Mumbai.
o School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi.
o Chandigarh College of Architecture.
o Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal.
o Ansals and Habitat School, New Delhi.
o Regional engineering colleges all over India.
o Interior design courses are offered by private institutes and polytechnics











  Answer 40- An aptitude for Maths is necessary to get into MCA. Many colleges require you to have done Maths at the graduation level to be eligible to apply for a MCA degree. However these specification vary among colleges. So do check out the information to be found in the Computer Science section.